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General Themes – control – C in Word control-V in WordPress

  1. The DNA code is not linear but much more complex than originally believed.  The genes overlap and they might be read in both directions.  Both the sense and antisense sides of the DNA helix are transcribed to RNA not just one side.  When one nucleotide is mutated, it could affect 2 or 5 or 12 different information sequences.  That would stop evolution in its tracks.  One gene can affect other genes through epistasis.
  2. There are many “codes” in the cell that are concentric, have no beginning or end and are not linear.  We know of 12 to 19 or more “codes” that are not dependent or driven by DNA per se.  This complexity stops random evolution in its tracks.

General Themes – using the past from Word option

  1. The DNA code is not linear but much more complex than originally believed.  The genes overlap and they might be read in both directions.  Both the sense and antisense sides of the DNA helix are transcribed to RNA not just one side.  When one nucleotide is mutated, it could affect 2 or 5 or 12 different information sequences.  That would stop evolution in its tracks.  One gene can affect other genes through epistasis.
  2. There are many “codes” in the cell that are concentric, have no beginning or end and are not linear.  We know of 12 to 19 or more “codes” that are not dependent or driven by DNA per se.  This complexity stops random evolution in its tracks.